In her own time, Woolf was also well-known for her writings promoting liberal politics, particularly the nascent feminist movement.
See Article History Alternative Title: Adeline Virginia Stephen Virginia Woolf, original name in full Adeline Virginia Stephen, born January 25,LondonEngland—died March 28,near Rodmell, SussexEnglish writer whose novels, through their nonlinear approaches to narrative, exerted a major influence on the genre.
A fine stylist, she experimented with several forms of biographical writing, composed painterly short fictions, and sent to her friends and family a lifetime of brilliant letters. Early life and influences Born Virginia Stephen, she was the child of ideal Victorian parents.
Her father, Leslie Stephenwas an eminent literary figure and the first editor —91 of the Dictionary of National Biography. Her mother, Julia Jackson, possessed great beauty and a reputation for saintly self-sacrifice; she also had prominent social and artistic connections, which included Julia Margaret Cameronher aunt and one of the greatest portrait photographers of the 19th century.
Julia Jackson Duckworth and Leslie Stephen married inand four children followed: Vanessa bornThoby bornVirginia bornand Adrian born While these four children banded together against their older half siblings, loyalties shifted among them. At age nine, she The life struggles and afflictions of virginia woolf the genius behind a family newspaper, the Hyde Park Gate News, that often teased Vanessa and Adrian.
The Stephen family made summer migrations from their London town house near Kensington Gardens to the rather disheveled Talland House on the rugged Cornwall coast.
Her neatly divided, predictable world ended, however, when her mother died in at age Virginia, at 13, ceased writing amusing accounts of family news.
Almost a year passed before she wrote a cheerful letter to her brother Thoby.
There the siblings lived independent of their Duckworth half brothers, free to pursue studies, to paint or write, and to entertain. Leonard Woolf dined with them in Novemberjust before sailing to Ceylon now Sri Lanka to become a colonial administrator.
Soon the Stephens hosted weekly gatherings of radical young people, including Clive BellLytton Stracheyand John Maynard Keynesall later to achieve fame as, respectively, an art critic, a biographer, and an economist.
Then, after a family excursion to Greece inThoby died of typhoid fever. Virginia grieved but did not slip into depression. While writing anonymous reviews for the Times Literary Supplement and other journals, she experimented with such a novel, which she called Melymbrosia.
As Clive Bell was unfaithful, Vanessa began an affair with Fry, and Fry began a lifelong debate with Virginia about the visual and verbal arts. In the summer ofLeonard Woolf returned from the East. After he resigned from the colonial service, Leonard and Virginia married in August Then he became a political writer and an advocate for peace and justice.
Nevertheless, she completely recast Melymbrosia as The Voyage Out in After an excursion up the Amazon, Rachel contracts a terrible illness that plunges her into delirium and then death. That indeterminacy, at odds with the certainties of the Victorian era, is echoed in descriptions that distort perception: Publication of The Voyage Out was delayed until early ; then, that April, she sank into a distressed state in which she was often delirious.
She kept the demons of mania and depression mostly at bay for the rest of her life. In the Woolfs bought a printing press and founded the Hogarth Pressnamed for Hogarth House, their home in the London suburbs. The Woolfs themselves she was the compositor while he worked the press published their own Two Stories in the summer of SinceVirginia had kept sometimes with Vanessa a country house in Sussexand in Vanessa settled into a Sussex farmhouse called Charleston.
She had ended her affair with Fry to take up with the painter Duncan Grantwho moved to Charleston with Vanessa and her children, Julian and Quentin Bell; a daughter, Angelica, would be born to Vanessa and Grant at the end of Virginia had kept a diary, off and on, since Critics using these distinctions have credited Woolf with evolving a distinctly feminine diary form, one that explores, with perception, honesty, and humour, her own ever-changing, mosaic self.
Proving that she could master the traditional form of the novel before breaking it, she plotted her next novel in two romantic triangles, with its protagonist Katharine in both. In Night and Day, the Leonard-like Ralph learns to value Katharine for herself, not as some superior being.
And Katharine overcomes as Virginia had class and familial prejudices to marry the good and intelligent Ralph. This novel focuses on the very sort of details that Woolf had deleted from The Voyage Out: Woolf was writing nearly a review a week for the Times Literary Supplement in Meanwhile, typesetting having heightened her sense of visual layout, she began a new novel written in blocks to be surrounded by white spaces.
Major period At the beginning ofthe Woolfs moved their city residence from the suburbs back to Bloomsbury, where they were less isolated from London society. Soon the aristocratic Vita Sackville-West began to court Virginia, a relationship that would blossom into a lesbian affair.
Having already written a story about a Mrs.Feature Virginia Woolf Was More Than Just a Women’s Writer She was a great observer of everyday life. Virginia Woolf.
Her name may spark memories of your high school reading list: Mrs. Dalloway, To the Lighthouse, and A Room of One's Own, among her most famous.
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In honor of the th year of Virginia Woolf's birth, we take a look at the more affirming moments of her life that helped her endure her personal struggles and become one of the most prominent.
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