Next page Erikson and Ego Psychologies Freud believed the ego drew its energy from the id. Adler and Horney, by contrast, both represented the ego or conscious self as a source of power. People could analyze their life circumstances and react to them, changing their patterns of living.
Id[ edit ] The id Latin for "it",  German: Id is the only component of personality that is present from birth. The id contains the libido, which is the primary source of instinctual force that is unresponsive to the demands of reality.
It is the dark, inaccessible part of our personality, what little we know of it we have learned from our study of the dreamwork and of course the construction of neurotic symptoms, and most of that is of a negative character and can be described only as a contrast to the ego.
We approach the id with analogies: It is filled with energy reaching it from the instincts, but it has no organization, produces no collective will, but only a striving to bring about the satisfaction of the instinctual needs subject to the observance of the pleasure principle.
There is nothing in the id that could be compared with negation The id "knows no judgements of value: Instinctual cathexes seeking discharge—that, in our view, is all there is in the id. Alongside the life instincts came the death instincts—the death drive which Freud articulated relatively late in his career in "the hypothesis of a death instinct, the task of which is to lead organic life back into the inanimate state.
Freud considered that "the id, the whole person Ego[ edit ] The ego Latin for "I",  German: Ich  acts according to the reality principle ; i. Conscious awareness resides in the ego, although not all of the operations of the ego are conscious. Originally, Freud used the word ego to mean a sense of self, but later revised it to mean a set of psychic functions such as judgment, tolerance, reality testing, control, planning, defense, synthesis of information, intellectual functioning, and memory.
It helps us to organize our thoughts and make sense of them and the world around us. The ego represents what may be called reason and common sense, in contrast to the id, which contains the passions It is said, however, that the ego seems to be more loyal to the id, preferring to gloss over the finer details of reality to minimize conflicts while pretending to have a regard for reality.
To overcome this the ego employs defense mechanisms. The defense mechanisms are not done so directly or consciously. They lessen the tension by covering up our impulses that are threatening.
Denialdisplacementintellectualisationfantasycompensationprojectionrationalizationreaction formationregressionrepressionand sublimation were the defense mechanisms Freud identified.
However, his daughter Anna Freud clarified and identified the concepts of undoingsuppressiondissociationidealizationidentificationintrojectioninversion, somatisationsplittingand substitution.
But the repressed merges into the id as well, and is merely a part of it. The repressed is only cut off sharply from the ego by the resistances of repression; it can communicate with the ego through the id. In modern English, ego has many meanings. Ego development is known as the development of multiple processes, cognitive function, defenses, and interpersonal skills or to early adolescence when ego processes are emerged.
For the podcast, see Superego podcast. The super-ego  German: For example, for having extra-marital affairs. The super-ego strives to act in a socially appropriate manner, whereas the id just wants instant self-gratification.
The super-ego controls our sense of right and wrong and guilt. It helps us fit into society by getting us to act in socially acceptable ways.Freud's psychosexual theory emphasizes the importance of basic needs and biological forces, while Erikson's psychosocial theory is based upon social and environmental factors.
Erikson also expands his theory into adulthood, while Freud's theory ends at an earlier period. The pioneers of psychoanalytic theory were Sigmund Freud ( – ) and Erik Erickson ( – ).
To gain a better idea of fundamental psychoanalytic theory points, a comparison of each theory is detailed below: Sigmund Freud ( – ) Theorized that individuals go through five stages of psychosexual development.5/5(6).
circumstances of the life of Erik Erikson, one could gain proper and a mediating insight into the true strengths and nature of his contributions to the development of personality theory and the field of psychology in general.
conduct a life review. A dozen theories that have been influenced by the life life review, reminiscence, life story, and oral history. About abstracts were due to the prevailing influence of Sigmund Freud at that time. The last two of Erikson’s eight stages, though, were focused on. May 12, · Freud's theories regarding psychosexual development, and in particular the phallic stage, were criticized and refined by other psychoanalysts, such as Karen Horney, Otto Fenichel, Ernest Jones, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, Juliet Mitchell, and Clara Thompson.
Theories that focus on the structure of personality and how the conscious and unconscious portions of the self-influence behavior and development. Two most prominent psychoanalytic theorists Sigmund Freud and Erik Ericson. Erik Erikson Lesson Plan. about Erik Erikson's life and work. Invite a developmental psychologist to speak to the class about the theories of Erik Erikson. Related Lessons. Sigmund Freud's. Domains of Development Development is described in three domains, but growth in one domain influences the other domains. Physical Domain: body size, body proportions, appearance, brain development, motor development, perception capacities, physical health.
Young Man Luther "Youth Building on the fraudulent foundation established by atheist Sigmund Freud, psychoanalyst Erik Erikson has proposed a series of eight "life cycles," each with an accompanying "life crisis," to explain both human behavior and man's religious tendencies.
Erikson's extensive application of his theories to the life of.