Equip everyone with an understanding of the strategy appropriate to their role strategic alignment Entire management team CEO Single-Leader Clearly, the success of Strategic Management is tightly linked to the proper mix of Team and Single-Leader Disciplines and Structure. Team Behaviors To explore the significant impact of team behaviors, we will focus primarily on the Best and Worst Practices of Teamwork offered by Lencioni and Maxwell. CSSP consultants can say "yes!
In thinking about intelligence, Sherman Kent began with an understanding of national power that was well within the mainstream of contemporary American strategic thought. For if strategic intelligence takes as its touchstone the whole of state interests and the sources of state power, then understanding the purpose and manner in which other states use their intelligence resources to gain advantage and mastering the capability to counter them would seem to be the other side of the strategic intelligence coin.
Yet to the extent strategic counterintelligence CI is addressed within CI or intelligence circles, it is controversial, poorly understood, and even more poorly executed because it does not fit comfortably within the existing architecture and approach to counterintelligence as it has developed within the United States.
Even though it has been six years since the office of the National Counterintelligence Executive NCIX was created to lead and integrate the US counterintelligence enterprise, at present we have neither the ability to perform the mission of strategic counterintelligence nor a common understanding of what it means, much less an appreciation of its value to national security.
In my view, the US CI community is at a crossroads. Either strategic counterintelligence is a theoretical construct with little to no place in the real world of US intelligence, in which case we really do not need a national level effort to direct it; or it is a compelling national security mission.
If it is the latter, we are losing precious time and advantage and should get on with the job. Sound security measures are unquestionably vital, but they can only carry protection so far. One can pile on so much security that no one can move, and still there will be a purposeful adversary looking for ways to get what he wants.
The tradecraft of counterintelligence and its several tactical functions, which are properly within the separate cognizance and competence of units within the FBI, CIA, and the Department of Defense, have well established objectives and processes that are not at issue here.
There are three predicates upon which a strategic CI mission would rest. First, the foreign intelligence threat is strategic, meaning that states use their intelligence resources purposefully to gain advantage over the United States and to advance their interests.
Second, strategic intelligence threats cannot be defeated through ad hoc measures alone. The threats must be countered by a strategic response. And third, there must be a national level system that integrates and coordinates diverse programs, resources, and activities to achieve common strategic objectives.
The Threat Is Strategic Foreign intelligence operations against the United States are now more diffuse, more aggressive, more technologically sophisticated, and potentially more successful than ever before. In recent years, we have seen a growing number of intelligence operations within our borders, facilitated by an extensive foreign presence that provides cover for intelligence services and their agents.
Traditional foes, building on past successes, are continuing efforts to penetrate the US government, while waves of computer intrusions into sensitive US government information systems have confounded efforts to identify their sources.
We have also seen apparent attempts by foreign partners to exploit cooperative endeavors against terrorist groups to obtain essential secrets about US intelligence and military operations.
In addition, a market in US national security secrets has emerged that, among other things, enables foreign practices of deception and denial to impair US intelligence collection.
And perhaps most troubling, growing foreign capabilities to conduct influence and other covert operations threaten to undermine US allies and national security interests. The proliferation of clandestine intelligence services is a striking feature of the modern international security environment.
At the start of the 20th century, no state had a standing external intelligence service; today there is scarcely a government that does not have one. And we are only just beginning to understand their modern potential as an extension of state power.
As one student of the concept put it: The opportunity for intelligence officers and their agents to move about freely, develop contacts, and operate unnoticed is no more lost on foreign intelligence adversaries than it was on the 19 hijackers that September morning.
From the standpoint of foreign intelligence interest, there are many potentially valuable targets outside our borders. These would include US government personnel and the far-reaching activities of American commerce and industry. But the real intelligence treasure trove for adversaries is here in the United States.
The central targets of foreign intelligence interest are principally within the borders of the United States: The institutions and people responsible for the formulation and implementation of American plans, intentions, and capabilities. Thousands of facilities engaged in classified national security work and hundreds of thousands of workers with security clearances dispersed around the country and in most every congressional district.
The CI problem is not only one of sheer numbers of potential targets or foreign intelligence personnel. The larger and more compelling issue is the scope of these activities. Historically, embassies and other diplomatic establishments in the United States have served as hubs for foreign intelligence activity because of the operational security they afford.
Our CI resources, especially those of the FBI, have been scoped against this threat population and its geographic concentrations in Washington and New York and consular offices in such cities as San Francisco, Chicago, Atlanta, and Houston. Now, however, foreign powers increasingly are running intelligence operations with unprecedented independence from their diplomatic establishments.
The number of formal and informal ports of entry to the country, the ease with which people can travel internally, and the relatively benign operational environment of the United States are tailor made for embedded clandestine collection activities.
One need not read too much history to know how successful past intelligence operations against the United States have been. There is hardly an area of national security endeavor that has not been compromised—repeatedly and deeply—by successful espionage.
Strategic threats require a strategically coherent response. Instead of looking at the broader implications of these foreign intelligence operations, we have for the most part adopted a case-by-case approach to dealing with the threat they represented.
And by concentrating our CI resources overwhelmingly inside the United States, rather than engaging the foreign intelligence service abroad, we have ceded advantage to adversaries.As an Integrated Masters award, the MSc Strategic Fashion Management is a credit based undergraduate course with integrated postgraduate progression which provides a systematic study of a range of applied sciences and industry operations in a global context.
Strategic Management and Study Question; Strategic Management and Study Question. Words Feb 9th, 27 Pages. Monday, October 01, Chapter 11 Strategy in International Business Multiple Choice Questions STUDY QUESTION 1: What are some of the general features of the challenge and importance of strategy in international business?
1. One Response to “Implementing Strategic Management in Construction” Kristeen Savells Says: July 14th, at pm. Assessing the cash flow is another important element in the company strategy format, so as to sustain a normal money flow to meet the essential capital needs. Strategic Management Chapter Exam Instructions.
Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. You can skip questions if you would like and come back to. Strategic Management and Study Question Words | 27 Pages Monday, October 01, Chapter 11 Strategy in International Business Multiple Choice Questions STUDY QUESTION 1: What are some of the general features of the challenge and importance of strategy in international business?
Strategic management process is a method by which managers conceive of and implement a strategy that can lead to a sustainable competitive advantage.