From toLawrence and his three other siblings rotated between their mother and father for six months at a time. In this rotating custody of the Kohlberg children was ended, allowing the children to choose the parent with whom they wanted to live. Kohlberg was in Palestine during the fighting in to establish the state of Israel, but refused to participate and focused on nonviolent forms of activism.
Universal ethical principles Principled conscience The understanding gained in each stage is retained in later stages, but may be regarded by those in later stages as simplistic, lacking in sufficient attention to detail.
Pre-conventional[ edit ] The pre-conventional level of moral reasoning is especially common in children, although adults can also exhibit this level of reasoning. Reasoners at this level judge the morality of an action by its direct consequences.
The pre-conventional level consists of the first and second stages of moral development and is solely concerned with the self in an egocentric manner. For example, an action is perceived as morally wrong because the perpetrator is punished.
The child would apply obedience and punishment driven morality by refusing to skip school because he would get punished. An example of self-interest driven is when a child is asked by his parents to do a chore.
The child is motivated by self-interest to do chores. Conventional[ edit ] The conventional level of moral reasoning is typical of adolescents and adults. The conventional level consists of the third and fourth stages of moral development. They try to be a "good boy" or "good girl" to live up to these expectations,  having learned that being regarded as good benefits the self.
The intentions of actors play a more significant role in reasoning at this stage; one may feel more forgiving if one thinks that "they mean well". Moral reasoning in stage four is thus beyond the need for individual approval exhibited in stage three.
A central ideal or ideals often prescribe what is right and wrong. If one person violates a law, perhaps everyone would—thus there is an obligation and a duty to uphold laws and rules. When someone does violate a law, it is morally wrong; culpability is thus a significant factor in this stage as it separates the bad domains from the good ones.
Most active members of society remain at stage four, where morality is still predominantly dictated by an outside force. Post-conventional moralists live by their own ethical principles—principles that typically include such basic human rights as life, liberty, and justice.
People who exhibit post-conventional morality view rules as useful but changeable mechanisms—ideally rules can maintain the general social order and protect human rights. Rules are not absolute dictates that must be obeyed without question.
Because post-conventional individuals elevate their own moral evaluation of a situation over social conventions, their behavior, especially at stage six, can be confused with that of those at the pre-conventional level.
Such perspectives should be mutually respected as unique to each person or community. Laws are regarded as social contracts rather than rigid edicts. Those that do not promote the general welfare should be changed when necessary to meet "the greatest good for the greatest number of people".
Democratic government is ostensibly based on stage five reasoning. In Stage six universal ethical principles drivenmoral reasoning is based on abstract reasoning using universal ethical principles.Print Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development in Adolescence Worksheet 1.
During adolescence, individuals begin to think differently and are able to solve more complex problems.
Kohlberg's theory of moral development proposes a series of three levels, divided into two stages each, that characterize the moral reasoning of human beings. Kohlberg's theory represented an important contribution to the psychological study of moral reasoning and its effect on behavior, but it contains a number of flaws and problematic assumptions.
Kohlberg was inspired by Piaget who proposed a theory of intel To investigate moral development from the ages of 75 American boys- at the start of the study they were aged bet. However, longitudinal research on Kohlberg’s theory has since been carried out by Colby et al.
() who tested 58 male participants of Kohlberg’s original study. She tested them six times in the span of 27 years and found support for Kohlberg’s original conclusion, which we all pass through the stages of moral development in the same order.
The Theory of Moral Development is a very interesting subject that stemmed from Jean Piaget’s theory of moral reasoning. Developed by psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg, this theory made us understand that morality starts from the early childhood years and can be affected by several factors.
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