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School integration in the United States In Brown v. Board of Educationthe Supreme Court of the United States ruled segregation by race in public schools to be unconstitutional.
In the following fifteen years, the court issued landmark rulings in cases involving race and civil liberties, but left supervision of the desegregation of Southern schools mostly to lower courts. In that year, the Supreme Court revisited the issue of school desegregation in Green v.
County School Boardruling that it was not enough to eliminate racially discriminatory practices; state governments were under an obligation to actively work to desegregate schools. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Educationthe Supreme Court upheld an order for busing of students to desegregate a school system.
Many African-Americans had attended inferior schools and were ill-prepared to compete in the admissions process. This was unsatisfactory to many activists of the late s, who protested that given the African-American's history of discrimination and poverty, some preference should be given to minorities.
This became a commonly held liberal position, and large numbers of public and private universities began affirmative action programs. The faculty was concerned by this, and the school began a special admissions program "to compensate victims of unjust societal discrimination".
The law school maintained an affirmative action program, and DeFunis had been given a higher rating by admissions office staff than some admitted minority candidates. The Washington state trial court ordered DeFunis admitted, and he attended law school while the case was pending. The Washington Supreme Court reversed the trial court, but the order was stayed, and DeFunis remained in school.
Supreme Court granted review and the case was briefed and argued, but by then, DeFunis was within months of graduation. The law school stated in its briefs that even if it won, it would not dismiss him.
In order to fulfill his ROTC requirements, he joined the Marine Corps and served four years, including a seven-month tour of duty in Vietnam as a commanding officer of an anti-aircraft battery. Inhaving achieved the rank of captainhe was granted an honorable discharge.
He stated that his interest in medicine started in Vietnam, and increased at NASA, as he had to consider the problems of space flight and the human body there. But twelve medical schools rejected his application for admission. Earlier in the year, a rating of had won automatic admission with some promising applicants being admitted with lower scores.
Bakke had a science GPA of 3. On the Medical College Admissions Test MCATBakke scored in the 97th percentile in scientific knowledge, the 96th percentile in verbal ability, the 94th percentile in quantitative analysis, and the 72nd percentile in general knowledge.
Bakke must be considered as a very desirable applicant and I shall so recommend him.In Regents of University of California v. Bakke (), the Supreme Court ruled that a university's use of racial "quotas" in its admissions process was unconstitutional, but a school's use of.
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, U.S. (),  was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States.
It upheld affirmative action, allowing race to be one of several factors in college admission policy. Regents of University of California v Bakke Alan Bakke, a white male, applied for admission to medical school at UC Davis.
He was twice rejected from the school, due to the university's practice. In Regents of University of California v. Bakke (), the Supreme Court ruled that a university's use of racial "quotas" in its admissions process was unconstitutional, but a school's use of.
The Respondent, Bakke (Respondent), a white applicant to the University of California, Davis Medical School, sued the University, alleging his denial of admission on racial grounds was a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution (Constitution).
Bakke, a white man, not admitted to a school b/c the spots were reserved for "qualified minorities". , Bakke. SC ruled that this violates the equal protection clause .