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Share Shares We look at skyscrapers and dams and see them as pinnacles of human engineering, content in the fact we can build whatever we want.
However, we often fail to remember the technological marvels of ancient history—buildings or temples which seemed impossible to construct by primitive cultures. Here are ten hopefully lesser-known examples of amazing ancient construction. Jacobs Located in Northwestern New Mexico, Pueblo Bonito is the largest and most well-known example of a great house village built by the ancestral Pueblo people.
Simpson and his guide, Carravahal. Since then, Pueblo Bonito has become one of the most excavated and explored ruins in the Southwestern United States. A number of the rooms were damaged when part of the cliff wall behind the village collapsed. Just behind Pueblo Bonito lies a set of petroglyphs, mysteriously showing six-toed feet, made sometime in the late 10th century or early 11th century.
Omar Hoftun Found in the southern half of Turkey, Catalhoyuk is estimated to have existed from around to BC. It was built by an unknown Neolithic culture that is believed to have been highly advanced. Excavations have been going on there since the site was first discovered in the late s by British archaeologist James Mellaart.
A number of interesting items have been uncovered, including allegedly the earliest known map and some of the most exceptional daggers ever seen from that period. The houses of Catalhoyuk have an intriguing quirk: They have no doors and were entered from the roof, by ladder.
Also, the dead seemed to be buried underneath the floors of the houses, particularly by the hearths. However, based on the discovery of some disarticulated bones, the bodies may have been left outdoors for a while before they were buried indoors.
Originally constructed around BC, the biggest stone at Locmariaquer was nearly 21 meters 70 ft in length and between and tons in weight. Astonishingly, the Fairy Stone was moved in one piece from a quarry over 10 kilometers 6 mi away. The purpose of the site is unknown, although there is a dolmen a type of tomb located there.
Other researchers have put forth theories involving lunar activity.
The statues are of Amenhotep III, and reliefs of his wife, daughter, and mother can also be found in the rock. The statues are named after Memnon, a hero of the Trojan War, because he was the grandson of Eos, the goddess of the dawn, which is relevant to a unique attribute that one of the statues used to feature: After the statues were damaged in an earthquake, the northern one was said to make a bell-like tone in the morning, possibly due to rising temperatures.
The tone was believed to indicate that one was favored by the gods. Today, the sound can no longer be heard because the Roman emperor Septimius Severus accidentally stopped the noise when he was having the statues repaired in AD However, an inscription on the base clearly states it was made to honor Diocletian and given to him by the people of Alexandria.
Standing over 27 meters 89 ft high, it was originally built during the fourth century AD. A number of chambers were created by placing a large number of extremely heavy stones next to each other.
The walls, the roof which is made up of four individual piecesand the pillars are made of the same rocks. As far as the name is concerned, legend says that a leper named Menga took refuge inside the dolmen after her husband died. Archaeologists believe the dolmen to be the largest such structure in Europe and have found several hundred distinct skeletons inside it, possibly all belonging to the ruling groups of the culture.
However, the identity of the builders remains a mystery to this day. Stuardo Herrera Built and completed by the Maya sometime between AD andQuirigua contains exemplary examples of Mayan architecture as well as one of the largest stelae carved stone monuments in existence.
Stela E weighs in at an astonishing 65 tons. Stelae were commonly built to commemorate the passage of time or otherwise important events. Frederick Catherwood, an English architect, was the first European to see Quirigua, and a number of excavations have taken place since then.
The city was nearly 2. However, the most interesting artifact recovered from the ruins is the Assyrian Bulla work of stone estimated to weigh nearly 40 tons. It is the largest example of a bull, winged or otherwise, in human history.
Subsequent expeditions have uncovered a number of new discoveries.Ancient Rome in world history. The rise and fall of Ancient Rome formed a crucial episode in the rise of Western civilization.
Through Rome the achievements of ancient Greek civilization passed to Medieval Europe – with unique Roman contributions added. Roman architecture, sculpture, philosophy and literature all built on Greek models, developed .
- Updated Daily - Print out daily news stories for friends, colleagues, students, family or co-workers! Set this page as your start page for news updates as soon as you start your computer! Ancient American describes the true prehistory of America's continent, regardless of presently fashionable belief-systems, and provide a public forum for certified experts and non-professionals alike to freely express their views without fear nor favor.
Roman concrete (opus caementicium), was developed early in the 2nd c. BCE. The use of mortar as a bonding agent in ashlar masonry wasn’t new in the ancient world; mortar was a combination of sand, lime and water in proper proportions. Adamowicz, Laurent. (March ). Codes and symbols of European tools, part I.
The Chronicle. 60(1). pg. IS. This article has an extensive list of references. Nov 23, · We look at skyscrapers and dams and see them as pinnacles of human engineering, content in the fact we can build whatever we want. However, we often fail to remember the technological marvels of ancient history—buildings or temples which seemed impossible to .